Installing LAMP on Ubuntu 21.04


1. Update and Upgrade the Operating System

Language: XML
apt-get update
apt-get upgrade
apt-get dist-upgrade
apt-get autoremove
apt-get autoclean

2. Install Common Software

Install the software that you will need down the line

Language: XML
apt-get install landscape-common
apt-get install curl
apt-get install htop

3. Update Date and Time

Correct date and time is extremely important for keeping the operating system correctly updated. Even minor fluctuations may cause different weird looking errors to be displayed throughout the lifetime of the distribution. So best to keep date and time properly synced.

Language: XML
apt-get install ntpdate
ntpdate ntp.ubuntu.com
date
dpkg-reconfigure tzdata
reboot

4. Install the Apache Web Server

Language: XML
sudo apt-get install apache2
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo service apache2 restart

5. Install the MySQL Database Server

Language: XML
sudo apt-get install mysql-server
sudo mysql_secure_installation

# Import your SQL backup if you have one
sudo mysql -u root -p PASSWORD < 20210920_yourbackup.sql

Install Composer

Language: XML
php -r "readfile('https://getcomposer.org/installer');" > composer-setup.php
php composer-setup.php
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"
mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Add a Swap File to Increase Memory

Language: XML
free -m
/bin/dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/swap.1 bs=1M count=2048
chmod 600 /var/swap.1
/sbin/mkswap /var/swap.1
/sbin/swapon /var/swap.1
echo '/swapfile none swap sw 0 0' | tee -a /etc/fstab
swapon -s
reboot

Install Firewall

Language: XML
apt-get install ufw
ufw allow ssh
ufw allow http
ufw allow https
ufw enable

Install fail2ban

Language: XML
apt-get install fail2ban
cp /etc/fail2ban/fail2ban.conf /etc/fail2ban/fail2ban.local
cp /etc/fail2ban/jail.conf /etc/fail2ban/jail.local
fail2ban-client status